Integrated Pest Management (IPM) fosters a healthy, sustainable approach to gardening by minimizing pesticide use. The basics steps are: monitor your plants and identify any problems that arise; set action thresholds; prevent pest problems; and control pests when necessary, using the least toxic method. These Web sites will help you make decisions:

1. National

• National Pesticide Information Center

• U.S. Department of Environmental Protection, a comprehensive overview of the goals and practices of IPM: sponsors PestWise to promote innovation in pest management:

• U.S. Department of Agriculture National IPM Center has numerous pesticide data sheets, a glossary, links for every part of the country:

• National Plant Diagnostic Network First Detector Program: online training program for volunteers who will report presence of arthropods, diseases, nematodes, and weeds:

• Radcliffe's IPM textbook, an e-text that offers up-to-date information on IPM:

• EXtension: links to 1,002 Extension Services and their fact sheets:

• The Garden Professors (real horticulture professors) address current topics in IPM at their blog at; they are on Facebook at; also see

2. Regional and Local

• Pest Resources Online, an IPM organization for the northeastern states:

• Conn. Agricultural Experiment Station (CAES)

• Univ. of Connecticut College of Agriculture and Natural Resources IPM program: thorough, easy-to-use site covering fruits, weeds, insects, nuisance animals, etc.; offers home study and school curricula; frequent updates:

• Cornell University IPM program; thorough, updated frequently, offers quarterly newsletter; has interactive tools for diagnosing some plant problems; gives organic growing practices for vegetables: